Without the little tails and leaders we get in a nice mixture of upper- and lower-case text, words lose their familiar touch and feel. Restrain your use of ALL CAPS in e-mail to solitary words that need further emphasis or, better yet, use italics or underlining for that purpose, if your e-mail client provides for that treatment.
Scientific Faith Is Different From Religious Faith
There is considerable debate, still, about how to capitalize words associated with the Internet. Most dictionaries are capitalizing I nternet, W eb, and associated words such as W orld W ide W eb usually shortened to W eb , W eb p age, W eb s ite, etc. The Yale Style Manual recommends capitalization.
The words e -mail and o nline are not capitalized. The Guide to Grammar and Writing is a monument to inconsistency on this issue. The most important guiding principle in all such matters is consistency within a document and consistency within an office or institution. Probably the most thorough and most often relied upon guide to capitalization is the Chicago Manual of Style, but the Gregg Reference Manual is also highly recommended.
If your computer is equipped with PowerPoint, click on the PowerPoint icon to the right for a brief presentation on capitalization. Quiz on Capitalization.
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For WebCT Users in Writing Classes: The "caps" icon usually immediately before a word indicates either that the following word ought to be capitalized for one of the reasons listed here or, if it is already capitalized, that it shouldn't be. A capitalized word that ought to be in lower-case is usually trying to appear more important than it really is. With regard to technology, religiously active Americans use the internet, email, broadband, cell phones and social media platforms at similar rates to other Americans. Americans who are members of religious groups are also engaged with core technology at levels similar to or higher than the overall population.
Asked about their technology usage:. Asked about their own personal involvement with all kinds of groups, those who are religiously active often have good things to say about the role of the internet with those groups. When people are asked about their group activities, it is clear that they believe the internet is having a wide-ranging impact on their own engagement within civic and social groups. This is true for all Americans, including those who are active in religious groups and organizations.
Asked to assess the overall impact of the internet on group activities:. There are those who have argued that these technologies are more likely to bind users even more closely and to enrich their social lives. Many of the overall findings are reported in The Social Side of the Internet. That makes religiously active Americans a particularly interesting group to explore.
In all, respondents to the survey were asked about their possible membership in 28 different kinds of groups. Findings were:. Given that religious groups drew by far the most members, we decided to explore more deeply the characteristics of those Americans active in religious organizations and spiritual groups, including their technology profile.
We were especially interested in these findings because there is a significant debate about the role of religious believers in public life. Some commentators have pointed to an increased polarization in America between religious conservatives and secular liberals at the edges of partisan divides, with a dwindling grouping of religious moderates in the middle.
We wanted to shed some insights on these concerns. It is important to note at the outset that this survey was conducted to take a broad reading on group activity in America and on the potential impact that technology has on group activities of all kinds — mainly secular. Thus, we cannot produce findings comparing those connected to different faiths — for instance, how evangelical Protestants are similar to or different from Roman Catholics.
The results in this report are based on data from telephone interviews conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International among a sample of 2, adults, age 18 and older. Telephone interviews were conducted in English and Spanish by landline 1, and cell phone , including without a landline phone. In addition to sampling error, question wording and practical difficulties in conducting telephone surveys may introduce some error or bias into the findings of opinion polls. In the survey, we asked if respondents were active in a religious or spiritual organization.
We inquired about a variety of demographic information. We also queried for a variety of viewpoints on other people, organizational impact, and communities.
Why Scientific Faith Is Different From Religious Faith - The Atlantic
We then asked respondents a series of questions on their use of and view of technology. Some of the other key traits and civic attitudes of those who are involved in religious organizations and spiritual groups are listed below:.
Table 1 shows the basic demographic composition of those who are active in religious groups in America compared with those who are not are active in such groups:. Older Americans are the most likely to be active in church groups, with a positive correlation between age and involvement in these religious and spiritual groups.
However, perhaps counter to commonly held expectations, the difference is not statistically significant. However, when we look at the distribution based on involvement in these organizations, we see that at an absolute level, suburbanites outnumber urban and rural areas in religious or spiritual organizations.